Kong Zi Institute

About China

Spring Festive Customs—Pasting Spring Festival Couplets

Spring Festive couplet is also called gate couplet, spring paste, pair and peach wood charm. Spring Festive couplet is a special Chinese literary genre, depicting the times and expressing good wishes in simple and neat words with antithetical parallelism. During the Spring Festival, either urban or rural households will paste a red Spring Festive couplet on the door to celebrate the festival. This custom originated from the Song Dynasty and became

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About the Spring Festival

With more than 4,000 years history, the Spring Festival is the most important festival among four traditional Chinese festivals. It is the most grand and busiest festival in China. The Spring Festival, also called Yuanri in ancient times, is the lunar New Year, popularly known as Guo Da Nian (passing a year). Spring Festival generally refers to New Year Eve and the First Day of New Year. However, the traditional Spring Festival starts from the 8th

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Delicacies on the Tibetan Plateau

Tibetan butter Tibetan butter is refined from yak’s or ewe's milk and is nutritionally valuable. Heat yak’s or ewe's milk moderately; pour it into a tall and relatively thin barrel called Xuedong; stir it until there is a layer of fat on the surface; spoon up the fat and put it into a bag; and after it cools, it has become Tibetan butter. Tibetan butter can be used to make Tibetan buttered tea and Ciba (cooked glutinous rice pounded into paste).

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Snow leopard

Snow leopards are beautiful endangered cats. They are called snow leopards because they live near the snow line all the year round and their coats are almost white. They inhabit rocky terrains in plateau areas. They are alert and agile with acute senses. They are also exceptional climbers and leapers. Their long and thick tails function as rudders when they spring, enabling them to turn in the air; thus, they are very good at hunting. As their fur

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Qinghai-Tibet Railway

As the highest and longest elevated railway in the world, the Qinghai-Tibet Railway is called Tianlu (Road to Heaven). It connects Xining, Qinghai Province to Lhasa, in the Tibet Autonomous Region. The length of the railway is 1,956 km. Most of the railway is in high-elevation regions and no man’s land. It starts in Golmud, climbs the Kunlun Mountains, traverses Hoh Xil, Fenghuo Mountain and Tanggula Mountain, enters into Tibet’s Amdo, passes

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Namtso Lake

Namtso, meaning Heavenly Lake or Holy Lake, is a famous holy place in Tibetan Buddhism. It is said to have been Chakrasamvara’s Bodhimanda and is considered to be one of the four mightiest lakes by Buddhists. It is on the border between Damxung County of Lhasa Prefecture and Baingoin County of Nagqu Prefecture in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The lake lies at an elevation of 4,718 meters, and has a surface area of 1,920 square kilometers.

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The Custom of Eating yuanxiao on the Lantern Festival

The 15th day of the first lunar month is the Lantern Festival, a traditional festival in China. People eat yuanxiao on this day. Yuanxiao are small balls made of glutinous rice flour with or without filling. Its filling can be bean paste, white sugar, hawthorn, and dried fruit of all kinds. Yuanxiao can be boiled, fried or steamed. It was called fuyuanzi in the past, and later tangtuan or tangyuan, all of which have a similar pronunciation as tuanyuan,

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Paean of Qinghai Tibet Plateau

“Qingzang Gaoyuan” is a popular minority song written by Zhang Qianyi. In this song, China’s beautifulness and vastness are praised, and global peace and human’s welfare are prayed for. The song became popular across China once it came into being in 1997. The singer Li Na, among others, passionately and appealingly performed the song, refreshingly combining the pop singing style with the Tibetan style of singing, which deeply moved the audience.

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Jokhang Temple

The Jokhang Temple was first constructed in memory of the wedding between Songsten Gampo and Bhrkuti Devi of Nepal in 647. Renovated and expanded for generations, it became a huge complex. The complex now covers an area of over 25,100 square meters and consists of over 20 halls. The main building is a magnificent four-storey construction, with roofs covered with gilded bronze tiles. The architectural style is a blend of the Tang Dynasty, Nepalese

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Yarlung Tsangpo River

As the highest major river in the world, the Yarlung Tsangpo River originates at the northern foot of the Himalayas. It extends 2,057 kilometers in length within the Chinese borders. Like a giant silver dragon, the Yarlung Tsangpo River rushes from west to east. Originating at more than 5,300 meters above sea level, the Yarlung Tsangpo River flows from mountain ranges at the northern slope of the Himalayas’ middle section into the south of the

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