Education Project Related to Colleges and Universities
To constantly improve higher education quality in China, the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China has implemented the following projects: Project 985: In May 1998, the state leaders of China called for “in order to achieve modernization, our country must have a number of first-class universities with world’s advanced levels”
Accordingly, Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China were determined to focus on supporting partial colleges and universities to create first-class and high-level universities around the world based on the implementation of the “21st Century Education Revitalization Project”. So far, there are 9 colleges and universities that have entered the Project in Beijing, namely: Tsinghua University, Peking University, Renmin University of China, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing Normal University, China Agricultural University, Minzu University of China, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics. (Arranged in signing order)
Project 211: An education construction project the Chinese Government put forward to begin construction about 100 colleges and universities and 1000 key disciplines in the 21st century. Among them, 24 colleges and universities in Beijing have entered this project, namely:
Beijing University, Renmin University of China, Tsinghua University, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing Institute of Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, China Agricultural University, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing Normal University, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Communication University of China, Central University of Finance and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing Sport University, Central Conservatory of Music, Minzu University of China, China University of Political Science and Law, North China Electric Power University, China University of Petroleum (Beijing Campus). (Arranged in the order of the list published in the Web of Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China)
The other education projects implemented:
The project of “building an internationally renowned, domestic first-class arts institutions of high level”. It mainly supports the following universities: Beijing Film Academy, Beijing Dance Academy, The National Academy of Chinese Theatre Arts, and The China Conservatory. (Arranged in random order) In addition, Beijing has also implemented the project of “building high-level local Universities” project, which mainly supports the following universities: Capital Normal University, Beijing University of Technology, Capital University of Economics and Business, Capital Medical University. (Arranged in random order)
School roll: refers to a legal status or qualification that a student belongs to a school. Access method: a freshman, who is admitted in accordance with the precisions of the Chinese National admission, is eligible for enrollment formalities with the admission notice and those who pass the review are allowed to register and obtain the school roll.
Credits: Colleges and universities in China generally implement the credit system. In general, a student is able to graduate only after passing adequate curriculum examinations and achieving the required credits within the specified academic years in accordance with the university programs.
Method: To obtain the course credits, a student has to take part in the examination or write a relevant thesis and pass the examination or thesis. A number of professors stress great importance regarding students’ attendance and usual performance, and it is likely that attendance rate or the usual score is included in the final total score.
Degree: An academic title and academic level of the person conferrer has reached the required standards. The grading of Chinese degree is linked to different stages of the Chinese higher education. It has three levels of education, which include degree of bachelor, Master, and Doctor PhD.
Ways to obtain: bachelor degrees will be conferred by a university within the authorization of the State Council; Master’s degree or doctoral degree shall be conferred by a university or a research institute within the authorization of the State Council.
As a graduate of a university, who has good achievements and reached the required academic level, shall be conferred to the bachelor degree. Doctoral degree shall be conferred to postgraduate of a university or a research institute or a person with equivalent education level who has passed Master (PhD) examinations and thesis answer and reached requires academic level. The university or research institute shall confer the corresponding degree diplomas to the winners after academic degree evaluation committee makes the decision of conferring degree. An excellent scholar at home and abroad or well-known social activist, who will nominate the degree holders, may be conferred an honorary doctorate after approval is given of Academic Degree Commission of the State Council.
Basic Categories of Chinese Education
The Chinese education is divided into the two categories of diploma education and non-diploma education. “Diploma education”: refers to the admission of students according to the admission scheme issued by the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China, implement teachings according to the teaching programs approved by educational administrative department, and after completing their syllabus, the students will be conferred national uniformly printed diploma and degree certificates by their respective schools. At present, the diploma education of Chinese higher education is divided into the four levels including associate degree program, undergraduate program (including the second degree), Master’s program and doctoral program.
“Non-diploma education”: refers to all kinds of training and continual education. After completing their studies, the students will be conferred with the corresponding certificates by the training departments.
Education System in China
The education system in China can be summarized as “four educations” and “7 levels”.
The “four educations” refers to pre-school education, primary education, secondary education and higher education.
The “7 levels” refers to kindergarten, primary school, junior high school, senior high school, higher college education, undergraduate education and postgraduate education.
China implements the education system compulsory for all. Children at the age of 6-7 should study in a primary school and begin the nine-year compulsory education.
About Chinese Language
During the early stages of Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language in China, it primarily focused on short-term Chinese training courses, which resembled non-degree programs. Towards the end of the 1970s, aiming at international students, the 4-year Undergraduate Programs for Teaching Chinese as a Second Language discipline such as Chinese Language and Chinese Language & Culture were set up for the purpose of cultivating Chinese teachers, translators/ interpreters, Chinese research talents and language and culture professionals for the general purpose. In June 1983, Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language was officially established as a discipline, which was initiated by experts and scholars from All China Association for Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language. In December 1984, Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language was formally listed in China Discipline and Specialty List. Since then, Chinese colleges, centers for studies of Chinese as a Second Language, Language teaching and research institutes and etc. were established in many universities throughout the world. Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language at master degree level was set up and these universities began recruiting foreign graduate students to study Contemporary Chinese. At the end of 1990s, Teaching Chinese as a Second Language program for master degree and Curriculum & Teaching Methodology and Linguistics and Applied Linguistics for doctor degree were also set up.
In order to meet the various requirements of overseas students from other countries, Chinese universities made an unrelenting effort to enrich Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language both in contents and approaches, such as establishing formal degree programs for overseas students and Chinese continuing education programs for advanced Chinese learners, and coming up with detailed stipulations for foreign students who are preparing to take part in the Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK) in order to pave the way for them to take the entrance examination of Chinese common colleges and universities and accomplish their degree programs. For the non-degree program foreign students, Chinese universities offer them pre-professional Chinese education courses, Chinese crash course and short or long-term Chinese continuing programs. In addition, the university also runs various forms of classes on Chinese cultural studies, such as calligraphy and painting, Qigong, Taijiquan and even social practical activities such as tour to factories, villages and schools can also be arranged to cater to the special needs of short-term Chinese language learners for Chinese and Chinese culture.
Chinese Learning and the Distribution of Enrolled Disciplines and Specialties of
There are three categories in the universities in Beijing:
1. Colleges and departments co-exist, not only do colleges have departments, but departments can exist independently as well.
2. There are only colleges, with departments under the colleges, but there are no independently established departments.
3. School and college category. In addition, some universities establish various forms of independent scientific research institute, such as research institutes, research centers, engineering and technical research centers and laboratories. Some other universities pay closer attention to cross-discipline studies; therefore, they set up cross- discipline, cross-department research centers and laboratories at university level.
The construction of China’s discipline organization or the structure and operation conditions have great relevance to discipline and specialty settings. The education for undergraduates and graduates is set in line with disciplinal categories. The discipline setting in China is a distinctive feature of Chinese specialty catalogues that cannot be found in most of the developed countries in the world. The function of China’s discipline category mainly is embodied in the degree awarding of college graduates. The original intention of awarding degree according to different discipline categories is to assist society in having an intuitive understanding towards the knowledge background of the degree holders. In 1980, Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Academic Degrees was adopted by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress and thus established three grades of academic degree, namely Bachelor’s Degree, master’s degree and doctor’s degree and became effective as of January 1st, 1981. Shortly after, the degrees are awarded to graduates according to the following discipline categories, such as Philosophy, Economics, Law, Education, Literature, History, Natural Science, Engineering, Agriculture, and Medicine and so on. In China, the discipline category serves as a basis for evaluating academic degree units by various educational authorities as well as admission, cultivation and degree award.
The Basic Conditions of Discipline and Specialty Setting in Universities
The number of overseas students in China has increased significantly, and the education level of overseas students has also shown stead improvement. In 2008, among all the overseas students in China, there were 80, 005 degree students, which accounted for 35.8% of the total, representing an increase of 17.29% year-on-year. This is higher than the increase of the total number of overseas students coming to study in China.
Generally speaking, during the beginning, most of the international students chose the short-term classes or long-term classes to study Chinese, and others will choose to study business Chinese or Chinese cultural courses, such as Traditional Chinese Medical Science, Medical Massage, Acupuncture, Peking Opera, Taijiquan and so on. Later on, students who were willing to enter Chinese universities to continue their studies are able to take the Chinese Proficiency Test. Qualified overseas students will gain accomplishments with Chinese students together, in the light of the requirements of the universities, for those international students who have passed corresponding specialty courses, they can get their bachelor, master and doctor degrees.\
Nowadays, the fields of study of international students cover 11 disciplinal categories, namely Literature, Medicine, Economics, Management, Engineering, Law, Education, Natural Science, History, Agriculture and Philosophy. The students who choose to study Literature discipline are ranked first place, according to the statistics of 2007, this number amounted to 135, 600 accounting for 69.30% of the total international students of that year, among which, there were 119, 100 students who studied Chinese and 2, 500 students who studied Art. The students who choose to study Medicine were ranked second place, and the total number already came to 25, 600, among which 16, 900 students studied Western Medicine and 8, 700 students studied Traditional Chinese Medicine. For recent years, more and more international students began to choose Economics, Management, Engineering and Law.
The Discipline Structure, Discipline Setting and Academic Degree System of Chinese
The discipline division of higher education and specialty setting based on the discipline are the foundation of study and the model of teaching modern universities. The undergraduates’ and graduates’ specialties belong to two different specialty catalogues in China.
The setting and adjustment of Bachelor’s Degree specialty in China demonstrates the following features:
1. With regard to the specialty adjustment decision, the educational authorities of the state managing the revision and adjustment of specialty catalogue for bachelor degree.
2. With regard to the guiding ideology of specialty adjustment, emphasize the social adjustment of college students on the basis of the disciplines. Widen specialty caliber gradually expands; it changes the specialty setting method of specific product, specific industry and specific technology oriented.
3. The categories of specialty decrease gradually.
4. The market-oriented function of specialty setting is strengthening, and the decision-making power of the universities is increasing now. The change of employment status of college graduates has a bigger and bigger impact on the specialty setting. For example, with the globalization of economy and China’s entry to WTO, Foreign Language and International Trade become hot specialties successively. With the development of modern information technology and the increased demands of society, Computer Science, Software, Communications and E-Commerce are pursued and admired in the market. Since 1980’s, China resumed postgraduate admission, from that time, the three-level specialty setting of discipline, first- level discipline and second-level discipline were identified. In June, 1997, Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council and State Education Commission jointly issued the Lists of Disciplines and Specialties of Master and Doctor Degree- awarding as well as Postgraduate Education. The discipline of Management was added to the new list, totally there were 12 disciplines, 88 first-level disciplines and 382 second-level disciplines.
In the degree awarding of 11 disciplines, Engineering was the highest, among which bachelor degree accounted for 44.95%, master degree accounted for 37.70% and doctor degree accounted for 39.92%. The second was Science, among which bachelor degree accounted for 9.94%, master degree accounted for 10.12% and doctor degree accounted for 20.02%.
Application time and methods
Application time is usually from September l5 onwards of the previous year up to December l5 for those who would like to start school during Spring, while application time is from February 15 to June 15 for those who plan to enroll in the Fall semester. For more information, please check the admission policy of the school you are interested in.
In order to be enrolled into any program provided by Chinese schools, you need to prepare and mail or email a full color high-resolution electronic copy of the following documents to your school’s international admission office:
· One recent passport-size photo
· Passport (showing your full name, date of birth, passport number, date of expiry
· You’re most current education diploma or academic transcript
Selection of schools and majors
Applicants can directly contact relevant universities or request for materials according to the directory listed in the index in order to choose a suitable university and major to pursue. The overview of the schools and their programs are available for preview in the index and for up-to-date and more detailed information, please visit their respective websites.
The institutions and programs listed here are accredited and sponsored by the Chinese Ministry of Education and Beijing Municipal Education Commission. However, there are a number of private Chinese language programs offered by individuals from China, foreigners and even international organizations. They may or may not have accreditation, although most will try to pass off their program as accredited. If you are in doubt, please ask them specifically for exact details.
In 2009, more than 240,000 students from over 180 countries came to study in China for both degree and non-degree programs. Here are some reasons to why they namely chose China: Studying in China is an excellent opportunity to explore the world’s most popular country. You will be able to experience China’s unique blend of ancient and modern civilization, as well as its scenic beauty.
Chinese culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world. This culture covers a large geographical scale of the Eastern Asia with customs and traditions varying greatly between provinces, cities, and even towns. Some important components of the Chinese culture include literature, music, visual arts, martial arts, cuisine, etc
The HSK (Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi) or Chinese Proficiency Test, is a national standardized test designed and developed by the HSK Center to assess the Chinese language proficiency of non-native speakers. HSK and the issuing of HSK Certificates are supervised by the State Commission of Chinese Proficiency Test under the Ministry of Education.