HSK Program Overview
The HSK (Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi) or the Chinese Proficiency Test is the national standardized test designed and developed by the HSK Center to assess the Chinese language proficiency of non-native speakers (including foreigners, overseas Chinese and students from Chinese national minorities). The HSK is divided into three categories: beginning level (HSK Basic), elementary to intermediate level (HSK Elementary-Intermediate), and advanced level ( HSK Advanced ). These three categories form a comprehensive testing system. As a test of general language proficiency, HSK is not based on any particular textbook or course of study. Therefore, candidates are allowed to refer any sort of textbook in preparation for the test.
HSK is regularly held in China and other countries each year. Certificates of HSK will be issued to those who have passed the required marking criteria. HSK and the issuing of HSK Certificates are supervised by the State Commission of Chinese Proficiency Test under the Ministry of Education.
General Introduction of HSK
The Chinese Ministry of Education has established China National Committee for Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK)(CNCCPT). The Committee is the supervisor of HSK and the issuer of the Chinese proficiency certificates. CNCCPT has an office called Office of China National Committee for Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK), which takes care of the HSK affairs among the HSK Center of BLCU.
About Applicants of HSK
HSK (Basic) applies to those learners with basic Chinese proficiencies, namely, those who have taken 100 to 800 hours of regular modern Chinese learning (including those with the equivalent learning experiences). HSK (Elementary-Intermediate) is for those who are at the elementary and intermediate level in Chinese proficiency, i.e. those who have taken 400-2000 regular hours of modern Chinese courses (including those whose proficiency in Chinese is similar to that standard). The HSK (Advanced) is specially designed to measure the Chinese proficiency level of those who are proficient in Chinese, i.e. who have taken 3000 regular hours or more modern Chinese learning (including those whose proficiency in Chinese is similar to that standard).
The functions of HSK Certificates
(1) To certify that the holder has achieved sufficient Chinese Proficiency to enter a college or university as an undergraduate student.
(2) To certify that the holder can be exempted from taking the Chinese language course depending on the level of qualification.
(3) As a basis for the employers to evaluate the Chinese proficiency of the job applicants.
HSK organizer and certificate issuer
CNCCPT is the organizer of HSK.
And the CNCCPT Office and the HSK Center of BLCU are both in charge of the HSK affairs.
(1) Candidates are required to present two recent 30 x 40 mm photos without headwear when registering and present a photo-bearing identification, such as a passport or residence permit.
(2) Candidates have to pay fees for the examination and registration. In China, it is ￥200 RMB for HSK Basic (including ￥70 RMB for the registration fee); ￥250 RMB for HSK Elementary-Intermediate (including ￥70 RMB for the registration fee) and ￥400 RMB for HSK Advanced (including ￥70 RMB for the registration fee) (as to fees to be paid in other countries or by students of ethnic minorities, please contact local test centers). Be reminded that fees for the test and registration are non-refundable. And postage is included in the fees. When a candidate cannot take the test in time due to some insurmountable reasons and notifies in advance the test center at which he registered before the test date, with the approval of the center (with the signature and stamp of the center), one test opportunity will be retained for the candidate and he or she will only pay the registration fee if he takes the next test in the future.
(3) Candidates currently living in an area where there are no local test centers may register by mail. Applications must be sent to the test center by registered mail at least one week before the final registration deadline and enclose a photocopy of an official piece of identification, a resume (including the Chinese and English names, sex, nationality, date of birth), a detailed mail address and two recent 30 x 40 photos without head wear. Meanwhile, fees for the test and registration shall be remitted to the registration site by post. No telephone registration will be accepted. And the admission ticket will be given to the candidate in person upon his or her arrival at the testing site.
(4) Candidates will be given the admission ticket and the HSK User Handbook. Candidates shall take the exam according to the time and place specified on their admission ticket.
Preparation for HSK
As a standardized test of general language proficiency, HSK is not based on any particular textbook or course of study. Therefore, any textbook may serve as a reference for the examination. Nevertheless, it is important that all candidates read HSK Test Syllabus carefully, a guide for the pre-test preparation. It contains an introduction to HSK, a sample HSK test paper and the key, HSK glossary and a CD of the sample listening questions.
To be admitted to the test room, every examinee is required to present his or her admission ticket and a photo-bearing ID certificate (ID card, passport or a residence permit). No candidates will be allowed to enter the test room without the afore-mentioned two evidences. The candidates whose admission ticket is missing can only be admitted to the test room till the ticket is reissued (with handling charges). Tape recorders, cameras, dictionaries, notebooks, textbooks and other unnecessary objects mustn’t be taken into the room. Mobile phones and MP3 shall be switch off and placed inside bags, which shall be placed at an area designated by the invigilators.
Candidates arriving five minutes late (since the start of listening comprehension test) may be admitted to the testing room and start the test right away. If examinees are 5 to 35 minutes late for the test, they may not start until the next section begins and no extra test time is to be offset for the late arrivals. Thirty-five minutes after the beginning of the exam, no candidates will be admitted to the test room.
Things to note during the test
(1) Once in the test room, candidates shall place the admission ticket and the ID certificate on the upper right corner of the desk for the inspection of invigilators. All the activities of the candidates are subject to the instructions of the supervisor.
(2) Duration for HSK (Basic) is about 135 minutes; HSK (Elementary-Intermediate) about 145 minutes without break; and HSK (Advanced) about 180 minutes with a break after the written test. In principle candidates shall not leave the test room during the course of the test. If so under some exceptional circumstances, the candidate is required to gain permission from the supervisor.
(3) HSK has a strict control of the time limits for each section of the test and candidates shall answer the corresponding test questions within a given time period and avoid jumping to the later sections or turning back to the previous ones during the test.
(4) Candidates shall not take the test papers or answer sheets out of the room, or tear apart, replace or copy the contents of the test.
(5) Candidates shall abide by the test instructions and rules and those who violate the rules will be warned and not even allowed to continue the test by the organizer.
(6) Before answering the test questions, candidates shall fill in their names (Chinese and English), the test paper code, nationality code, the test center code and the candidate’s number according to the admission ticket. Candidates should also draw a bar like this [■] to indicate their sex. The test paper code is on the upper right corner. The nationality code is a fixed number created by the test center for each country and nationality for all HSK tests. For example, the code for Japan is 525, France 610, etc. The candidate’s number is a serial number of registration. The test center code is the number for the place where the test is held. For example, the admission ticket of a Japanese student called Kimula Yuko is like this.
While filling in the information, candidates should write the numbers first in the blanks on the left and then draw a bar on the corresponding numbers on the right like this [■]. The HSK Admission Ticket
(7) Answers should be made by drawing a bar: [■].
Please note that the bar should be drawn thick and bold to make sure that the card-reading machine can recognize the answers. The candidate will bear the consequences due to his or her failure in following the instructions about how to answer the questions.
The Issuing of HSK Certificates and Test Report Form
The HSK certificate and test report form will be mailed to the HSK test centers by the organizer within two months after the test. Candidates may obtain certificates and test report forms either by collecting them in person at the test center or by mail from the test center.
The retention period of the certificate and the test report form is 2 years. If the candidate does still not claim them after 2 years, the organizer will dispose of the results.
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The HSK (Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi) or Chinese Proficiency Test, is a national standardized test designed and developed by the HSK Center to assess the Chinese language proficiency of non-native speakers. HSK and the issuing of HSK Certificates are supervised by the State Commission of Chinese Proficiency Test under the Ministry of Education.